Mississippi River-Lake Pepin Tributaries Biotic Stressor Identification

This report summarizes stressor identification work in the Mississippi River-Lake Pepin Watershed. Stressor identification is a formal and rigorous process that identifies stressors causing biological impairment of aquatic ecosystems, and provides a structure for organizing the scientific evidence supporting the conclusions (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), 2000). In simpler terms, it is the process of identifying the major factors causing harm to fish and other river and stream life. Stressor identification is a key component of the major watershed restoration and protection projects being carried out under Minnesota's Clean Water Legacy Act. Over the past few years, the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) has substantially increased the use of biological monitoring and assessment as a means to determine and report the condition of rivers and streams. The basic approach is to look at fish and aquatic invertebrates (mostly insects), and related habitat conditions, at sites throughout a major watershed. The resulting information is used to produce an index of biological integrity (IBI). IBI scores can then be compared to standards. Segments of streams and rivers with low IBI scores are deemed "impaired." The purpose of stressor identification is to explain the results of the biological monitoring and assessment process. The information obtained answers the questions of why one stream has a low IBI score, while another has a high score. It looks at causal factors – negative ones harming fish and insects, and positive ones leading to healthy biology. Stressors may be physical, chemical, or biological.
Date Issued
Number of Pages
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (St. Paul, Minnesota)
Rights Holder
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
Rights Management
Public Domain